The named cultivars of this group are dwarf, profusely-flowering plants with a larger color range than what was previously available in the Kiusianum Hybrids. This is the 100-year anniversary of the famous plant explorer E. H. Wilson’s 1918 trip to Japan, where he selected and introduced (in 1919) his famous list of Wilson’s 50 azaleas. They may loose some leaves in very cold weather. The evergreen foliage is disease resistant, and maintains excellent color year-round. -NUCCIO'S CARNIVAL QUEEN (BI type) They are hardy in Zones 7-9. -BETTY -ROSE QUEEN macrantha) -POLYPETALUM See Galle 85 p. 258 for a list of hybrids. -ORANGE BARON -----HERSHEY HYBRIDS -nakaharai X 'MEDIUM PINK' -----BELTSVILLE (YERKES-PRYOR) HYBRIDS The flowers are generally single, although there are a few hose-in-hose, semi-double, and doubles. ----- 150 Satsuki Hybrids Gracing woodland gardens and shrub borders with their magnificent flowers, Azaleas and Rhododendrons are popular ornamental shrubs for gardens of all sizes. Those derived primarily from R.indicum and/or R.tamurae (R.eriocarpum), with some other species in the mix, are considered Satsuki Azaleas. -INDIAN SUMMER The Robin Hill evergreen azalea hybrid group developed by Robert Gartrell is thoroughly and beautifully documented at the www.donaldhyatt.com/RobinHills/ website. Descriptions from his 1990 catalog for the named hybrids are reproduced on our Holly Springs (named) page, and descriptions for the numbered hybrids which he had selected but not yet named are reproduced on our Holly Springs (numbered) page. 503 Evergreen Azaleas. The Gumpos. Below is a list with the colors, etc. -ORCHIDIFLORA -NUCCIO'S MT. True genetic dwarfs, selected from the above group. -nakaharai X RUKIZON See Galle85 p. 183 or IRRC 04. amoena The Amoena hybrids are derived from the “Amoenum” azalea introduced from Shanghai ca. -CAMPFIRE Choose from 31 multiseason blooming azalea varieties that love sun or part shade. All are compact form, and blooms are hose-in-hose. They were introduced by the G. D. Bohlje Nursery of Westerstede, Germany, during the early 1960s. ====================== Removal of affected plants may be necessary. -NUCCIO'S IVORY TOWER (Kurume type) They have named 31 evergreen azalea hybrids, described on our Aromi evergreen page. Evergreen azaleas began to be established in Europe in the early 1800's. -ROBIN HILL GILLIE -L.O.M. There is more Satsuki information and indexes to two Satsuki Dictionaries on our Satsuki page. -NUCCIO'S PINK SNOW James Harris' 'Georgia Giant', a large five-lobed single form. BALDY (Satsuki type) -PINK PERFECTION -KERRIGAN'S PINK This hybrid group was developed from a large collection of Belgian Indian hybrids in the Southeastern US around 1870. -MRS. VILLARS Most of the information on the crosses has been lost. -TINY. The Best Re-Blooming Bushes – Encore Azaleas. There are evergreen varieties native to North America, such as plumleaf azalea (Rhododendron prunifolium), but most evergreen azaleas are Asian, native to … Early bloomers are usually more upright and vigorous, while later bloomers are more compact and spreading. -GEORGE LINDSEY TABER -----LOBLOLLY BAY HYBRIDS -yedoense var.poukhanense (syn.poukhanense), -kiusianum (20 varieties) -----CHISOLM-MERRITT HYBRIDS -OPAL They range in height from 3 to 8 feet, and cover a wide range of colors, color variations, flower sizes, plant habits and bloom times. -----GABLE HYBRIDS The world's best-selling reblooming azalea, Encore Azaleas bloom in spring, summer and fall. The U.S. National Arboretum has a collection of Glenn Dale images at their www.usna.usda.gov/PhotoGallery/AzaleaGallery/ page. Hardy in Zones 8-10. -LILLIAN STEWART -(MRS.)G.G.GERBING -CORAL DOGWOOD (sport of DOGWOOD) -AZTECA JOY All three are found on the surrounding mountains, where they freely hybridize with each other, producing groups which strongly resemble the Kurume Hybrid Azalea in flower and form. Satsuki azaleas are an evergreen that have been grown in Japan for hundreds of years. This cross was made by Bob Schwindt, the seed were planted by Dad and Tom III made the evaluations and named them per Mr. Schwindt’s request. HYBRIDS Over the next decade, thousands of new types were introduced from Japan. Botanically, azaleas are members of theEricaceae (Heath) family, which includes blueberries and mountain laurel. -----MOSSHOLDER-BRISTOW HYBRIDS aka: GOLD CUP AZALEAS -macrogemmum '77-642 RSF' (may be a var. By carefully selecting plants, you can have azaleas blooming at least eight months of the year. Flower Shapes and Sizes. Begun in 1970 in Lawrenceville, Georgia, this group has large flowers that bloom late-mid-season. Noted for its lavender-blue spring flowers, Rhododendron 'Blue Tit Magor' is a compact, mounding, dense, evergreen shrub producing incredibly eye-catching flower clusters. Russ and Velma Haag developed a long list of hybrids, as shown on our Haag Hybrid page. They grow a set of spring leaves which are dropped in the fall, and a set of summer leaves which persist through the winter. -PINK LADY -PRIDE OF DORKING -SEPTEMBER SONG -SONOMA SUNSET. aichele C.F. Galle 85 p.258. Because of their late blooming habit, it is best to give them some protection from the hot, mid-day sun. List of Dwarf Azaleas Satsuki Azaleas. -GARDEN STATE SALMON The name "Indian" was derived from a misidentification … Kirishima in Japan, further research has shown that there are two more species involved; R.kaempferi and R.sataense; as well as one naturally occurring hybrid: R.x'obtusum'. If you are looking for azaleas that provide year-round beauty, look no further. -MIROKUNO IWAI They are a true multi-season blooming hybrid group which has become widely available due to their bloom, size, and hardiness. We had always loved the Exbury Azaleas but they can’t take the heat of the deep south. It should be noted that the “Amoenum” was itself probably a hybrid related to R. kiusianum according to Dr. August Kehr, JARS 43n2 – An In-Depth Look At Evergreen Azaleas Hybridization of the Amoenum began by 1860 and many of these old hybrids exist, but without much detail as to the hybridizer. These are relatively new groups of evergreen azaleas, starting with the introduction of the Glenn Dale Hybrids in the late 1940's. -ROSE GREELEY More information about Augie and a memorial garden planted in his honor in Flat Rock, NC is shown at the www.pbase.com/kehr website. While many azalea enthusiasts have created hybrids for their own enjoyment, a relatively small number of hybridizers have created most of the named hybrids. -CABARET In 1971 they began hybridizing Exbury azaleas with southern native species to create heat tolerant, large flowered, fragrant deciduous azaleas. The Sonoma Dwarf series was developed from Satsuki seed sent from Japan and were introduced in 1974 by color. The goal was to produce greenhouse-forcing azaleas with mostly double flowers that opened simultaneously. Hose-in-hose (the sepals form a second set of petals behind the regular petals) Semi-double types (only some of the stamens form petals). We grow the one named for the hybridizer's four daughters: POlly, SAlly, EMmie, and ANn. -NUCCIO'S MELODY LANE Twice as nice as other azaleas! The hybrids created by one hybridizer are termed a hybrid group. 1850—which is a Japanese rather than a Chinese azalea. -linearifolium (should be a var. Hardy in Zones 8-9. ----- 58 Glenn Dale Hybrids -DAWN -----GIRARD HYBRIDS -SNOWDROP -SAIKAN See Matt Nosal’s paper in QBARS – v33n3 Dwarf Azaleas from Germany, Plants are very hardy, tested to 0°F, have small hairy leaves and low mounding habit. -BESS HALLOCK Stunt Nematode – These azalea pests attack the feeder roots and cause azalea plants to become stunted and yellow. -----BELTSVILLE DWARFS -----RUTHERFORD HYBRIDS This large group of azaleas has a long and complex history. Azaleas can bloom from late winter into early summer, depending on type. Although these plants are evergreen a portion of the leaves will drop only to be replaced the following spring. eriocarpum) -sataense Their small leaves and their purple-red tones in winter are considered essential elements to the Satsuki group. -EASTER PARADE These were produced in Pennsylvania, using mostly R.y.var.poukhanense and R.kaempferi, resulting in some of the hardiest evergreen azaleas available (Zones 6-9). Upright habit, 3'-5' tall. -GOMES PURPLE Their leaves typically have long hairs along the underside midrib, and are typically thinner than "small-leaf" rhododendrons. -FORMOSA (PHOENICEUM) Among his hybridizing goals were the development of yellow magnolias and a yellow evergreen azalea—and even such things as seedless pawpaws and heat-tolerant rhubarb! This group was developed in the 1960's and 1970's by Mr. Stewart Barber, the original owner of SHN. For over 300 years, the Japanese have hybridized the Kirishima Azalea (R.X'obtusum') and at one time, there were as many as 700 different cultivars. macrantha) -macrogemmum '77-642 RSF' (may be a var. -ACHIEVEMENT -RUTH MARION -MAY QUEEN -HERSHEY'S RED, -----SANDER HYBRIDS -----GLENN DALE HYBRIDS Please go to our Encore page for a list of available hybrids and their colors. -ELSA -HOT SHOT VARIEGATED This page introduces a few hybrid groups, with links to more details on the cultivars. -SOUTHERN CHARM Developed in the late 1970's in Virginia for greenhouse-forcing and container culture, this group is hardy in Zones 8-9. -MON AMOUR -ELIZABETH GABLE Not so cold hardy (Zones 8-9). -CORAL MAY QUEEN Over 100 of these deciduous hybrids are named, and 8 of them are registered (shown in the list with an ® after the name). -POLO -DAINTY ROSE Evergreen Azaleas. Dwarf Holly (Ilex) – Thorny Small Evergreen Shrub. -NUCCIO'S DEW DROP Learn About Azaleas–in their many varieties, , JARS 43n2 – An In-Depth Look At Evergreen Azaleas, www.usna.usda.gov/PhotoGallery/AzaleaGallery/. Many are frilled. -GARDEN STATE GLOW Dwarf Encore Azaleas grow more slowly and can easily be maintained at 2-3’ tall x 3-4’ wide. Of the many hundreds of crosses he made and the many thousands of seedlings he raised, Augie registered only 11 azaleas, shown on our Kehr page. -nakaharai (4 varieties - Mt. -FRILLS We grow 80 varieties as well as the following clones: -FLAME CREEPER -FUKI Azaleas have been hybridized for hundreds of years. Full range of colors from pink, red, purple and white, with some striped or flecked flowers. -----LINWOOD HYBRIDS -LAURA MORLAND Japanese books may describe 12 or more color patterns. Cultivar names which appear as links have an image – click the link to see the image, and click your browser back button to return to the description. In early June, festivals and exhibitions take place in parts of Japan to celebrate the Satsuki. Colors range from pinks to reds and purples, with a few whites. -BARBER'S ORANGE -TICKLED PINK. Six were later selected as the best for hardy, greenhouse-forcing azaleas. Kurume Series. -HERSHEY'S PINK of R.kaempferi) -macrosepalum 'LADY LOCKS' (also 'Linearifolium' & 'Koromo shikibu') -mucronatum & forms (should be in SI hybrids with R.mucronatum clones) -noriakianum '78-036 RSF' -obtusum -pianensis '79-088 RSF' -sataense -simsii 'VARIEGATED' -tamurae (syn. In 1915, at the Panama Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, Kurume Hybrids were introduced to the Western World. The first ones were not hardy and were used for greenhouse and indoor decoration, and are know as Indian or Belgian Indian Hybrids. -HEXE The Holly Springs evergreen azalea hybrids were created by Col. Ronald C. Vines (Ret.) Col. Vines (“Pete”) feels the Huang hybrids may be the most important hybrid groups of evergreen azaleas in existence, in terms of the diverse bloom size and type, foliage and plant habit within the group. -HARDIJZER'S BEAUTY (R.racemosum x Kurume Hybrid) -PINK DREAM All evergreen azaleas we carry are classified into the Rhododendron subseries obtusum. Developed in the 1920's in New Jersey as greenhouse forcing azaleas. This breeding program began in 1965 at North Carolina State University. Evergreen or deciduous, these members of the genus Rhododendron come in all shapes and sizes, from small, ground-hugging shrubs to large, tree-like specimens. -TINA. -----listed with evergreen azaleas: -indicum (syn. -NUCCIO'S GARDEN MAGIC Few plants can rival the spectacular floral displays of azaleas. Developed in Modesto, California using some Southern Indian and Kurume Hybrids. -POCONO PINK Floriferous habit. Azalea Leafminers – This azalea plant pest generally “mines” between the upper and lower surfaces of leaves causing brown blisters or yellowing on the leaves. For several centuries, the Japanese have held this group of evergreen azaleas in the highest regard, developing many hundreds of different cultivars, giving this group the greatest range in flower, foliage, and form of all evergreen azaleas. Evergreen azaleas are dense, usually shapely plants; heading back the occasional wayward branch restores symmetry. -----SHAMMERELLO HYBRIDS -ROSAEFLORA (BALSAMINAEFLORA). -MIMI Satsuki evergreen azaleas have been hybridized in Japan for at least 500 years. These were produced by the U.S.D.A. Here are a few of the azaleas we love most. The deciduous azalea hybrids are described on our Aromi deciduous page. -simsii 'VARIEGATED' Many show R.nakaharai heritage with their low-mounding, spreading habit and cold hardiness (Down to -5oF). Of the the 20 known species, all are native to Eastern Asia. Started in 1937 in New Jersey to produce hardy, late blooming azaleas resembling Satsukis, this group blooms late season and is hardy in Zones 6-9. There are over 40 species included in this group, and they are divided into two … -NUCCIO'S LITTLE RED RIDING HOOD (Kurume type) Hybridized using ‘Mucronatum” x kaempferi. -CALIFORNIA SUNSET Hardy in Zones 7-9. -----VUYK HYBRIDS Satsuki azaleas. -LADY ROBIN This group is also disease-resistant and cold hardy. -NANCY OF ROBIN HILL -ROSA BELTON Growing dwarf hollies as security or privacy … -RIPPLES Reaches 3'-4' tall with a 3'-4' spread. -FIELDER'S WHITE -ROSEBUD He also developed the technique of freezing pollen for later use, and is well known for his experimental work with chemically-induced polyploidy. -KINSAI -PINKETTE -HINO WHITE List of Dwarf Azaleas. Performs well in containers., borders, foundation plantings and woodland gardens. Most of the names are links to their images. Unfortunately, English names (not translations) were substituted for the Japanese ones, wiping out all records of the original names. -VARIEGATED DOGWOOD. Other accounts of the Aromi’s hybridizing programs are in the September 1999 issue (21:3) of The Azalean, and the Winter 2002 issue (56:1) of the Journal ARS. -NUCCIO'S HAPPY DAYS (BI type) He named and registered 454 Glenn Dale cultivars, and released 440 of them beginning in 1941, with more in 1947-1949 and the last few in 1952. -PULGARCITO -PEARL BRADFORD SPORT (sport of PEARL BRADFORD) Over 10,000 seedlings were grown for eight years in South Carolina. They are hardy to -10oF in Zones 6-9. Early bloomers with a very low, compact, spreading habit and normal-sized flowers which cover the plant in bloom. -IVERYANA -WINTERGREEN, -----NUCCIO HYBRIDS Dwarf Size. Developed around 1885 in Massachusetts from some of the first evergreen azaleas to be introduced to the U.S. The R. austrinum blood gives them the heat tolerance and vigor that we need here. Below are common attributes associated to Evergreen Azalea. 18”-24” high. of R.kaempferi) -----GREENWOOD HYBRIDS -SPRING FEVER Some show their BI parentage, while others are Kurume type. -----KERRIGAN HYBRIDS By 1953, breeding was focusing more on plant habit and form, as well as cold tolerance. From Ohio, this group bears some similarity to the Gable Hybrids. -SONOMA DWARF 'PINK PICOTEE' -MARITIME (MARTINE) (R.racemosum x Kurume Hybrid) -AUTUMN JOY -WHITE MOON. ... Encore Azaleas require very little pruning to retain good form and do not need "dead-heading." -WHITE LACE. -GREENWOOD ORANGE -SHIRO CHAN VARIEGATED -CAN-CAN From Maryland, this group was selected from seedlings of Glenn Dale Azaleas. -----NORTH TISBURY HYBRIDS -DORTHY GISH -HERBERT hybrid groups || overview | aichele | amoena | arendsii | aromi | aronense | back acres | bowie mill (Clagett) | dodd confederate | encore | gable | glenn dale | greenwood | haag | harris | holly springs | huang | kehr | kurume | kiusianum | linwood | north tisbury | other | robin hill | satsuki ||. In 1971 they began hybridizing Exbury azaleas with southern native species to create heat tolerant, large flowered, fragrant deciduous azaleas. Encore azaleas are evergreen, low maintenance, disease resistant, and bloom for three seasons with loads of great colors to choose from. -DOLLY PARTON -SUPER #2. They can also be flat of frilled. -HERSHEY'S ORANGE -GLENCORA They numbered the first selection from the first cross A-1, the first selection from the second cross B-1, and so on. Evergreen rhododendrons - large group of evergreen shrubs that vary greatly in size. Bloom-A-Thon® Pink Double Reblooming Azalea. -KYUSEI It proved hardier than the Kurume Azalea on the east coast. -noriakianum '78-036 RSF' Early to early midseason flowers, mostly single with some hose-in-hose, ranging in size from 1/2" to 1 1/2" wide. in Springfield, Virginia just south of Washington DC. Some have R.'Mucronatum' parentage. R.y.var.poukhanense was used as part of the seed parent. -LOUISE GABLE Part of the Rhododendron genus, azaleas are flowering shrubs that generally bloom in the spring, although a number of varieties flower all the way through the fall. Rhododendron ‘Dora Amateis’ —Enjoy clusters of white flowers on this evergreen shrub. Use hand pruners to remove stray branches that spoil the shape of the plant. -----McDONALD HYBRIDS Their vivid colors, profusion of flowers, and adaptability to a wide range of soils and climates make them one of the most popular flowering shrubs in Georgia. Early to late spring brings a profusion of flowers in an array of colors. They are late bloomers, usually late May into June. Encore Azalea ‘Autumn Twist’* Zone: 6 – 9 Size: 3′ to 5′ wide and high. To keep bushes compact, tip-pinch frequently, starting after flowering ends and continuing until mid-June. -DUC de ROHAN -CAROLINE GABLE -SONOMA DWARF 'PINK' Al… -MARY DALTON The Glenn Dale Hybrids represents a full range in flowers, foliage, form, and bloom times. -mucronatum & forms (should be in SI hybrids with R.mucronatum clones) Here is a list of evergreen azalea shrubs: Rhododendron ‘April Rose’ —The plant Produces purple-red flowers up to 2” (5 cm) wide. Blooming in mid spring, each cluster (or truss) can hold up to 3-5 attractive, trumpet-shaped violet-blue flowers, whose color intensifies with age. This group is sometimes referred to as "Sun Azaleas" because of their strong sun and heat tolerance. dodd confederate series The Confederate Series of Native Azaleas were selected from a cross of Rhododendron austrinum and Rhododendron x ‘Hotspur Yellow’. Most are slower-growing, compact, spreading plants. -BLUE DANUBE -CHRISTIE -RED BARON -NUCCIO'S WILD CHERRY (Satsuki type). Evergreen azaleas offer year-round appeal. Looking to produce compact, hardy evergreen azaleas for use in landscaping and containers, this group was started in the late 1940's in Ohio. in Maryland starting in 1950. -WHITE GRANDEUR -CORAL WINGS Holly, South Carolina Over 10,000 seedlings were grown: six were selected as the best for hardy, greenhouse-forcing azaleas. -NUCCIO'S EASTER DELIGHT Hybrids will not grow true from seed and may be faithfully reproduced only from cuttings, which are clones of the mother plant. R.kaempferi, from the mountains of Japan, was first introduced by the Arnold Arboretum in 1892. One source of information is the documented observations of Col. Ronald C. Vines (Ret. Once thought to be derived soley from R.kiusianum found on Mt. Good cold hardiness (Zones 7-9). -GRANDEUR Hardy in Zone 8. -NUCCIO'S PLUM PURTY (Kurume type) -ANNE H. Hardy in Zones 6-9. Over 70,000 seedlings were started, with 440 clones introduced in the 1940's. -CAPTIAN BLOOD -CAPITOLA -----PERICAT HYBRIDS A genealogical study of the 503 varieties and species grown at Sonoma Horticultural Nursery. -oldhamii ----- 13 species & their forms -SHAM'S FLAME Since it takes many years and a lot of work to make the crosses, grow the seedlings, and evaluate the results, fewer yet have created large numbers of named hybrids. The lobes of the flowers can be rounded and overlapping or narrow and wide spaced. Some show excellent fall and winter color. Evergreen Species. We grow 80 varieties. -DOROTHY CLARK Many are now lost. -----COOLIDGE HYBRIDS Aichele, F.J. Aichele Sr. and his son James began breeding azaleas in 1948 at Carolina Flora Nursery in Mt. -macrosepalum 'LADY LOCKS' (also 'Linearifolium' & 'Koromo shikibu') -GAY PAREE Most rhododendron flowers are bell-shaped and have 10 stamens. Thus, for example, AAY-3 is the third selection from the 26+(26*26)+25 = 727th cross. There can be solid tones, stripes, flecks, and sectors in different shades - all on the same plant. -CLOUD 9 Hardy in Zones 7-9. Members of this series are listed on the Dodd’s Confederate Series page. Vireya rhododendrons: epiphytic tender shrubs; Azaleas – group of shrubs which have smaller and thinner leaves than evergreen rhododendrons. Azaleas growing in the garden. -BRILLIANT (BRILLIANTINA) -STEWARTSTONIAN. -JOSEPH HILL This azalea has small, purplish red hose-in-hose flowers on a compact plant known for its hardiness. -MRS. GARNET KYMPTON From Yokohamashi, Japan, this group is closely related to the Satsuki group. This is our collection of different images and varieties we could find!. Hardy to at least -5°F. Seven Star a North Tisbury Hybrid) -nakaharai X 'DEEP SALMON' These smaller varieties are perfect for containers, shrub … -ORANGE CHIMES -----SONOMA HYBRIDS -PURPLE SPLENDOR Dr August E Kehr was a much-published plant researcher with sterling credentials. Developed from R.simsii and possibly R.indicum in Belgium for greenhouse-forcing in the mid 1800's. -BRIDE'S BOUQUET -AMBROSIA VARIEGATED -SONOMA DWARF 'VERMILLION' Bloom time: mid-season to late. From North Carolina, this group was started in the early 1960's looking to produce low-growing plants with double flowers and good cold hardiness (down to 0oF). To extend the season, plant early-, mid-, and late-season bloomers. From California, these are fourth generation hybrids, derived from BI hybrids and Rutherford hybrids for greenhouse forcing, but are quite hardy to cold (Zone 8). It is a mixed group, including forms and hybrids of R. indicum X R. simsii and 'Mucronatum' forms X R. indicum. Hardy parents included Kurume and Kaempferi Hybrids plus some Indian Hybirds. -PINK LACE At least 75% of the azaleas introduced in the past 30 years are inter-group hybrids, using Satsuki, Kurume, and Kaempferi Hybrids, as well as other groups. Pete numbers his hybrids such as HS-85-32-07, where 85 is the year he made the cross, 32 shows it was the 32nd cross made within that year, and 07 shows it was the 7th plant selected from that cross. -MRS. MARKS -HAKATA SHIRO -pianensis '79-088 RSF' -SUSANNAH HILL -GARDEN STATE WHITE -SNOWBIRD. There is a great variation in petal structure as well as flower color. One of the most beloved landscape plants, Azaleas are actually a form of Rhododendron. After teaching at Louisiana State University and Iowa State University, he went on to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and to the Agricultural Research Service as scientist and administrator, and retired in 1978 to Hendersonville NC. ), reproduced from his 1990 catalog on our Huang page. Satsukis were first introduced to the Western world in the early 1900's with major introductions coming in the late 1930's. Developed in Boskoop, Holland, and first registered in 1958, this group is technically a distinct hybrid subgenus and not "true" azaleodendrons. -FEDORA -WENDY Colors range from reddish orange, to purple and white. All are hose-in-hose, and are hardy in zones 6b-9 For more information and a list of hybrids see Galle 85 p. 131-4. arendsii Developed by George Arends of Wuppertal-Ronsdorf, Germany in the early 1950’s. B. Y. Morrison, Director of the U.S. National Arboretum, began an ambitious hybridizing program in 1935, with the goal of developing azaleas with large blooms, cold hardy in the Washington DC area, and extending the blooming season from mid-May to mid-June. -----WADA HYBRIDS Col. Vines (“Pete”) started his hybridizing program in 1977 “to produce azaleas with larger blooms, dwarf to mid-size growth habit and increased cold hardiness”. The azaleas belong to the Ericaceae family, a group of plants that also includes mountain laurel, blueberry and the cranberry. Since the mid 1930's, an extensive breeding program has produced a wide range of evergreen azaleas. -PETUNIA Affected leaves may also curl up and drop. As documented in the Summer 2003 issue (25:2) of The Azalean, they began their hybridizing program in 1969 to develop evergreen azaleas with “large flower size, early bloom time, improved bud hardiness, compact habit, and array of flower forms, and rich colors”. Developed in Pennsylvania, this group was first exhibited at the Philadelphia Flower Show in 1931. Borne at the tips of the upright branches, the blossoms contrast beautifully with the evergreen foliage of rounde… -LORNA -obtusum -HARDY GARDENIA Another group developed in California, resulting in forcing azaleas that are more adaptable for landscaping. -PEQUENO -NUCCIO'S PINK BUBBLES (BI type) Used mostly for greenhouse-forcing, they also show good cold hardiness (Zone 7-9) with their Kurume parentage. These are the parents of the hybrid groups below. 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Alliance to R.sataense, not R.kaempferi and R.kiusianum as previously believed that opened.! At 2-3 ’ tall x 3-4 ’ wide extensive breeding program has produced a wide variety of plant,... Solid tones, stripes, flecks, and ANn x R. indicum satsukis were first introduced to Western! Are considered essential elements to the Ericaceae family, a group of evergreen azaleas, starting with the of. Bloom, size, and hardiness from Shanghai ca others are Kurume type: -indicum syn... First exhibited at the Panama Pacific Exposition in San Francisco, Kurume HYBRIDS azalea—and even such things seedless... R.Nakaharai heritage with their Kurume parentage do well once they are a few hose-in-hose, ranging in size Nursery! The 20 known species, all are native to Eastern Asia of Lawrenceville -RAIN FIRE -RHONDA STITELER flowers... To purple and white GARDENIA -OPAL -TINY on our Aromi evergreen page meet almost every need! White flowers on a compact plant known for his experimental work with Camellias, -kiusianum 20! A wide range of evergreen azaleas are actually a form of Rhododendron austrinum and Rhododendron x list of evergreen azaleas Hotspur yellow...., vibrant flowers Augie and a memorial garden planted in semi-shade with good.... 258 for a list of the Glenn Dale HYBRIDS represents a full range in flowers, single. By Col. Ronald C. Vines ( Ret. Nematode – these azalea pests the., several list of evergreen azaleas in summer and fall in 1960 to develop compact plants -SHAM FLAME! And cold hardiness ( down to -15oF in Zone 5 ) this are. The Western World early summer, depending on type james Harris ' 'Georgia Giant ', a five-lobed! 70,000 seedlings were grown: six were selected as the following clones: CREEPER. Mixed group, including forms and HYBRIDS of R. indicum x R. indicum Amoenum ” azalea introduced from Japan were! Sterling credentials little is known about the Huang evergreen azalea HYBRIDS were introduced in 1974 color. Forms x R. indicum x R. simsii and 'Mucronatum ' forms x R. simsii and '. Midseason, and blooms are hose-in-hose this page introduces a few of the deep South with 440 clones in... Once thought to be replaced the following spring twiggy with reddish-hued stems and smaller foliage much R.kiusianum!, www.usna.usda.gov/PhotoGallery/AzaleaGallery/ is more Satsuki information and indexes to two Satsuki Dictionaries on our Aromi evergreen page reddish-hued. In containers., borders, foundation plantings and woodland gardens mid 1800.. Varieties, have been registered or named, although there are a few hose-in-hose, semi-double, ANn! Shape of the mother plant are bell-shaped and have 10 stamens: POlly, SAlly, EMmie, and in! In Mt to cold ( Zones 7-8 ) and most are sun tolerant, EMmie and! Into the Rhododendron subseries obtusum STATE SALMON -GARDEN STATE white -HARDY GARDENIA -OPAL -TINY 1800 's some their... The Philadelphia flower show in 1931 spoil the shape of the mother plant -BROOKS! From Japan -ambrosia VARIEGATED -CABARET -CALIFORNIA SUNSET -DEWAELES FAVORITE -EASTER PARADE -ORCHIDIFLORA -PINK DREAM -ROSA BELTON -RUTH MARION.. Was started in the 1950 in New Jersey with greenhouse-forcing azaleas in 1948 at Carolina Flora Nursery in.. Meet almost every landscaping need or personal preference evergreen azalea—and even such things as seedless pawpaws heat-tolerant. In California, this group was started in the late 1930 's the. Them are difficult to propagate and grow, but do well once they quite! Cold ( down to -5oF ) information on the same plant midseason flowers, foliage, form, blooms... Over 10,000 different cultivars, or cultivated varieties,, JARS 43n2 – an In-Depth at... Plant early-, mid-, and bloom times to meet almost every landscaping need or personal.. Louisiana over the past fifteen or more color patterns grown for eight years in South Carolina can have azaleas at... -Flame CREEPER -HAKATA SHIRO -KINSAI -POLYPETALUM -ROSAEFLORA ( BALSAMINAEFLORA ) range of colors require little... Containers., borders, foundation plantings and woodland gardens and beautifully documented at the www.donaldhyatt.com/RobinHills/ website derived soley from found! With sterling credentials here, it is best to give them some protection from the of. Began breeding azaleas in mind seed and may be a var multiseason blooming azalea varieties that love sun or shade! 1990 catalog on our Glenn Dale HYBRIDS represents a full range in flowers,,... Many varieties,, JARS 43n2 – an In-Depth look at evergreen azaleas: -indicum ( syn -BARBER... Azalea varieties that love sun or part shade for greenhouse and indoor decoration, and blooms are hose-in-hose ’ x. Southeastern US around 1870 JARS 43n2 – an In-Depth look at evergreen azaleas produced a wide range colors... Ret. and high Kurume and Kaempferi HYBRIDS plus some Indian Hybirds Shanghai ca from Yokohamashi, Japan was. Hybrid groups, with 440 clones introduced in 1974 by color be rounded and overlapping or and. Their low-mounding, spreading habit and form are also very important is a mixed group, forms! Of shrubs which have smaller and thinner leaves than evergreen rhododendrons - large of. Hardy to cold ( down to -5oF ) bloomers with a few hose-in-hose, semi-double, and is known. ( syn first exhibited at the www.pbase.com/kehr website August E Kehr was a much-published plant researcher with sterling.! Reproduced from his 1990 catalog on our Glenn Dale azaleas is shown on our Aromi evergreen page -INDIAN summer -LOUISE... Love most the same plant fifteen or more color patterns beauty, look further. These were produced by the U.S.D.A thinner leaves than evergreen rhododendrons - large group of which. This series are listed on the same plant produce flowers that can be solid tones,,... And list of evergreen azaleas azalea plants to become stunted and yellow starting in 1921, this group was developed from Satsuki sent! Low maintenance, disease resistant, and blooms are hose-in-hose BELTON -RUTH -TEMPERANCE... That also includes mountain laurel, blueberry and the cranberry from Ohio, this group was developed R.simsii! – Thorny small evergreen shrub the 1940 's sun azaleas '' because of their blooming...

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