Gerund subjects take a singular verb. Reading rocks! A/An _____ phrase uses the present participial form of a verb, along with any modifiers, as a noun, serving as a subject, object, or subject complement. A Gerund Phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund, modifier(s) and/or noun(s), pronoun(s) or noun phrase(s) which function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund. . In such a case, the infinitive phrase will follow the now ... complement in a sentence. Meanwhile, an English gerund phrase is a gerund with modifiers or a complement, all acting together as a noun. Sarah enjoyed singing three songs. It seems that 'being' is used in the same way as 'carrying'. 'being' doesn't give me progressive feeling in this sentence : It carrys 'habitual or state meaning', I think. 2. (Reading is identifying the noun "activity.") . (passive) Having read the book once before makes me more prepared. as indirect object 61. Reading rocks! A gerund phrase can be a subject, subject complement, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition. The gerund as the object. I love listening to my favorite band. What is essential is to maintain a healthy diet. My not answering her question quickly enough made it look as if I had not studied the material. Some examples: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence. Using an English Gerund as the Subject of a Sentence. Learn about gerund phrases, and how to use gerunds in a sentence. → Clue. First thing to remember, every sentence has two main parts: a subject and a predicate. They can be hard to master, and new English speakers often wonder why they have to use one in a given situation. Together they function as a noun, which can be a subject, direct object, indirect object, object of a preposition, or subject complement … A gerund is a verb ending in -ing, but it doesn't behave like a verb. . Exercising keeps you healthy. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: When a verb ends in -ing, it may be a gerund or a present participle.It is important to understand that they are not the same. Cooking costs less than eating out. 62. Gerunds and gerund phrases can act as direct objects when 4 Smoking is bad for your health. A gerund phrase is a gerund with a direct object. Running marathons is my favorite activity. Verb phrases are defined as phrases formed by a verb plus any modifiers, … Students often get confused when trying to use gerund subjects because the gerund is often followed by a plural noun. Flying makes me nervous. Read on yo learn more about gerund phrases! The verbs that follows should still be singular! Complements will be explained in detail in a separate post) Unlike gerund phrases, infinitive phrases can be used as adjectives to modify a noun. 2 She hates staying out at night. Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation. → Clue. With subject complements (and predicate nominatives in particular) in mind, let’s take a look at a gerund phrase acting in that capacity. → Clue. These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. (The other two are participles and infinitives.) 3. I call that (good playing). "In those cases in which the complements are noun phrases, the subject complement shows concord with the subject S, and the object complement is in concord with the direct object, as can be best seen in the examples (16c) and (16h)." His favorite hobby is cooking. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. as objective complement 63. The gerund as the complement of the verb 'to be'. The verbs are italics, and complements are in bold: 2.4.1 Linking Verb Complements Subject Complements: 1. . Buttering toast with a fork = present participle phrase describing Bernard. Gerund phrases begin with a gerund. A gerund phrase includes a gerund, modifier and complement. I love listening. The gerund as the subject. 64. Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. the gerund is cooking and it acts as a subject complement (or … Is the Gerund in the following sentences used as a subject, object or as a complement? Hunting lions is dangerous. A gerund, which functions as a noun, can consist of a single word or a phrase. Because a gerund is a noun, it can be a subject complement. Gerunds are -ing words that function as nouns. He gave (going) a lot of consideration. (gerund phrase as the object of a preposition) Hint: If you're not sure if a word or phrase is a gerund… (gerund phrase as the complement of a preposition) Using gerunds of the appropriate auxiliary verbs, one can form gerund clauses that express perfect aspect and passive voice: Being deceived can make someone feel angry. Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Daniel quit smoking a year ago. saves a … Gerunds can either stand alone, or they can take a noun (the object of the gerund) and/or modifier(s) to form a gerund phrase. The decision was to extend the deadline by three months. Last night I had to sleep on the couch because I found my dog Floyd hogging the middle of the bed. A gerund clause can be a subject complement after "be": * The hardest thing about learning English is understan- ding the gerund. Gerund as Subject Complement. GERUND; An activity may also be expressed with a gerund or gerund clause, which can function as the subject or complement to the verb in the clause.. gerund ⇒ reading; gerund clause ⇒ reading a good book SUBJECT (GERUND CLAUSE) PREDICATE + COMPLEMENT: Computing . The Gerund a summary. Reading books on the porch rocks! one more thing. 1 Sailing is great fun. Swimming in the pool is fun. Yang dimaksud dengan gerund sebagai subject complement adalah gerund yang dipadankan dengan bentuk to be seperti is, am, are, dengan kata lain gerund sebagai subject complement lazim ditemukan … I love listening to my favorite band. Do you need help? Is this correct? A to-infinitive clause can be a subject complement after be: My advice is to file a complaint at once. 3 Fishing is my hobby. Gerunds and gerund phrases are a part of commercial speech, which means you’re likely to find them in many literary works as well. . (gerund phrase as a subject complement) Carlos really enjoys biking through the mountains. THE GERUND AND THE GERUND PHRASE (p.82) . It also shows you how to dissect a gerund phrase into its components. Infinitive phrases only require a comma when the infinitive phrase is used as an adverbial phrase and introduces the main clause. Joe gave weightlifting credit for his physique. (Rolf Kreyer, Introduction to English Syntax. Shopping is an expensive hobby. Gerund phrases as objects of prepositions: Her joy in preparing for company was obvious. (1) Verb Phrases (gerund phrases) as Indirect Objects The third grammatical form that can perform the grammatical function of indirect object is the verb phrase in the form of present participles . Swimming in the pool is fun. I don't know whether to include the 'My not' into the gerund phrase... because don't some gerund phrases have pronouns? Participles A participle is a verbal that is used as an adjective and most often ends in-ing or-ed. Gerund Examples: Singing at the concert excited Sarah. This gerund phrase is still singular. Reference ... As a Subject Complement. Like a noun, it can perform different functions in a sentence. A. gerund … When you master how a gerund is used in a sentence, it will become easier for you to differentiate it from the present participle form of a verb. Like below sentence Would you mind me carrying this bag? There are two complement types used with linking verbs and five complement types with action verbs (counting the option of having no complement as one of the possibilities). 5 Do you enjoy cooking? Gerund adalah bentuk kata yang dinamis, meskipun merupakan gubahan dari verb, ia dapat dipakai menjadi tiga bentuk yaitu sebagai subjek, objek, dan pelengkap atau subject complement. The audience considered the villain’s motive pouring oil on troubled waters.. . Gerund phrases always function as nouns, so they will be subjects, subject complements, or objects in the sentence. This page has lots of easy and real-life examples of gerund phrases and includes an interactive test. The gerund always has the same function as a noun (although it looks like a verb). My dog's most annoying habit is hogging the middle of the bed. Running marathons is my favorite activity. I find myself being unable to resist sweets. Gerunds are tough -- really tough. Functions in a sentence Because they act like nouns, gerunds can be used as the subject of a sentence, the subject complement of the linking verb be , the object of a preposition, or the object of a verb. Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: I look forward to helping you paint the house. → Clue. what is the gerund phrase, and its noun use? Hogging the middle of the bed = gerund phrase, the subject complement of the linking verb is. Eating people is wrong. (preposition = since) Gerunds as predicate nouns: Dawn's favorite activity is reading. Although we’re quite used to hearing these words and phrases from professors, parents, and potentially everyone around us in their everyday conversations and lectures, it’s exciting to see how famous authors use them in writing stories and plays. I love listening. (preposition = in) Since completing his degree, his opportunities are endless. A gerund phrase is a phrase that consists of a gerund, its object, and any modifiers. Gerund: Phrase: Running is my favorite activity. Since a gerund often acts as a noun, it takes the place of a noun in a sentence as well, namely as subject, direct object, subject complement, subject of preposition. Walaupun berfungsi sebagai noun namun masih berperilaku seperti verb ketika berada di dalam frasanya yang disebut gerund phrase, misalnya diikuti direct object jika gerund dibentuk dari transitive verb atau dapat disertai modifier seperti adverb (kata keterangan) dan prepositional phrase.. contoh gerund dan gerund phrase. Phrases These consist of a gerund and the words that modify and complement it. A gerund is one of three classes of words called verbals — words based on verbs and expressing an action or a state of being but serving another grammatical function. (gerund phrase as a direct object) I got this bruise from fencing with my instructor. So I think 'being ' as gerund. *( Complement is a word, clause, or a phrase that is required to complete the meaning of a sentence. A gerund accompanied by its objects, complements, and/or modifiers is called a gerund phrase or simply a noun phrase.Like nouns, gerunds and gerund phrases can function as subjects, objects, or complements in a sentence.Unlike nouns, gerunds do not take inflections; in other words, they don't have distinct singular and plural forms. … A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund, an ing word, and will include other modifiers and/or objects. This lesson will tackle gerunds, gerund phrases, and how they are used. ... A gerund phrase is a group of words beginning with a gerund and including any modifiers to that gerund. Therefore a gerund can be a subject, object, complement,* or object of a preposition. Why they have to use gerunds in a sentence subjects because the gerund and words... 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